The structure of Chadian society is very complex and confusing. The country is home to a large number of peoples and various tribal groups that have formed the Chadian culture, which is divided into two separate species.
The lifestyles and traditions of these species differ from each other very much and, as a result of clashes, have more than once led to the fact that there have been minor clashes in the country and some tension in society as a whole.
The Muslim type of Chadian society is represented by nomads and other tribes. These are proud people and warlike tribes who do not want to communicate with other societies and live apart, they have a rather negative attitude towards foreigners. Such tribes have their own traditions and customs.
In the tribes there is a very rigid form of organization and kinship relations are similar to those of the Arabs. The head of such a clan is the oldest man, and the degree of kinship is determined only by the male line.
The head of the clan has great power over all members of the clan, and only he decides with which tribes you can have relations and with which not, he is responsible for observing all the rules and traditions in the clan.
As for marriages in Chad, they can be concluded between young people from different clans, it is not prohibited, but the procedure for such a marriage is very complicated and confusing. Moreover, in this case, young people have known each other since childhood and it will be much easier for them to start a joint married life.
Parents choose couples for their children in Chad, and usually the groom's family pays the ransom to the bride's family, after which the wedding ceremony takes place and the girl leaves her parents' house and very rarely meets them after marriage, because from that moment she belongs to her husband's family. Chadian families cannot be called large, they include parents, children and several closest relatives.
Each clan and family community necessarily owns some property, for example, it can be a piece of land, an oasis, a mountain or a palm grove. Members of other clans cannot not only touch or use them, but they do not even have the right to appear in this territory without the permission of the owners themselves.
Children in Chadian families are brought up in strictness and respect for family traditions and for their parents. Special attention is paid to the upbringing of boys, because in the future, young men will also have to one day become the head of a clan or tribe, and he will have to adopt all the traditions and customs of the family.
A very close relationship between younger and older brothers, when the elders support the younger in every possible way, and, just like the parents, strive to teach them everything.
Girls in Chad, of course, receive no less attention, but their upbringing boils down to the fact that they must completely obey the man, and specifically their spouse, honor and respect him. They are taught how to properly run a household, raise children, from an early age they help their mothers around the house and look after their younger sisters and brothers.
In the south of Chad, there is a Christian society with its own rules and foundations of traditional Christian life. In general, family societies are a bit like Muslim societies. There is also a clan association, the head of which can be either the oldest man or a woman.
Young people in Chad are free to marry from different family clans and there is no difficulty in this. The southern Chadian tribes are mainly engaged in agriculture, livestock raising and hunting.
Marriages in Chad are concluded very early, at the age of 13-14, by which time the girl is already either an engaged or already married woman. Here, unlike the Muslim society of Chad, the bride brings her dowry to the groom's house, which may include various things, cattle or money.
The groom is usually always several years older than his wife and, accordingly, his level of education is higher. The girl comes to the groom's house and lives with his family for three months, after which she returns to her father's house.
A future spouse in Chad is obliged to work three years in the fields of his father-in-law. Only then can a marriage be concluded. The wedding usually takes place in the month of March, when the harvest festival takes place and the wedding ceremony is full of a variety of traditions and customs. After the wedding, the girl leaves the parental house and goes to her husband's house.
Families in southern Chad live together. All family members, parents, children, close relatives, brothers, sisters can live in one house in the south of Chad. Even polygamy is allowed, despite Christian customs.
In contrast to Muslim, rigid customs, children in the south of Chad enjoy much more freedom. Usually, parents shift the upbringing of children to older family members or even sometimes to neighbors.
The main thing is that all the traditions of their ancestors are passed on to the boys, they need to be taught to hunt, to pass on any tribal secrets to him and teach the most difficult thing - survival in difficult conditions. The transfer of knowledge of the hunter is common rituals for all tribes in Chad, all other ceremonies and customs differ among all clans and tribes.
Unlike nomadic tribes, who live mainly in tents, the southern Chadian tribes live in houses. The building material for a house is different, and depends directly on the welfare of the Chadian tribe.
Wealthy families live in solid brick houses that are covered with iron; such houses also speak of the social status of the family in society. Less well-off Chadian families build their houses with adobe bricks and roofs with thatch.
Muslim tribes are very strict with regard to clothing, especially women, who must cover their bodies. In the south of Chad, clothes are more relaxed and there are much fewer bans. Just like in Muslim tribes, in Chad it is customary for men and women to take food separately.